Dachshunds have a unique appearance with long bodies and very short legs.
The distinctive features that make them look so adorable also makes them predisposed to a painful incapacitating condition called as intervertebral disc disease or IVDD.
IVDD occurs when a disc is damaged and the soft gel like substance inside the disc escapes out into the spinal column leading to nerve damage, acute pain and in some cases even paralysis.
There are two different types of IVDD:
Hansen Type I: This is an acute, unstable and dangerous herniation of a disc. The Type I condition is more common in middle aged dogs that have inherited skeletal defects from their parents.
Some of the dogs prone to this type of IVDD are Dachshunds, Beagles, Poodles, Basset Hounds and other dogs with features of hereditary dwarfism.
Hansen Type II: In this type the disc material protrudes in a gradual and progressive manner, and is more common in older dogs.
The Type II condition is more prevalent in Dobermans, Labrador Retrievers and German Shepherds.
Unfit and over-weight dogs are at a greater risk of developing IVDD.